I included much more history in LuLu in the Sky than in my previous books. This was done because 1.) I find Cambodia history fascinating, and 2.) I wished to give readers a fuller picture of the country and its people.  From its creation myth to ancient temples, its winding rivers and lush green land, its periods of truths and wars, Cambodia is a nation rich in story and heritage.  In order to add vibrancy and authenticity to a time I was not there to witness, I relied heavily on field research, watching documentary films, and readings of articles, papers and books.  Below is a list of the films, papers, and books that I found extremely helpful.  In many instances, I pulled from them morsels of information and facts and incorporated them into this book.  I am indebted to all the writers, producers, and film makers.  Thank you all. – Loung Ung


  • S-21: The Khmer Rouge Killing Machine directed by Rithy Panh


  • Fifield, Adam, Echoes of the Killing Fields: A Cruel Past Lingers (Philadelphia Enquirer, August 15, 2007)
  • Gourevitch, Philip, Pol Pot’s Children (The New Yorker, August 10, 1998)
  • Huv Chheng, Ratana, Khmer Rouge Wedding (Documentation Center of Cambodia
  • Siegelaub, Marc, The Death and Life of Bobby Muller (Newsday, October 17, 2001)
  • Gregory H. Stanton, The Cambodian Genocide and International Law (Yale Law School, February 22, 1992)
  • Wilkinson, Alec, A Changed Vision of God (The New Yorker, January 24, 1994)


  • Becker, Elizabeth, When the War Was Over (Simon & Schuster, New York, 1986)
  • Chanda, Nayan, Brother Enemy: The War after the War (Harcourt Press, San Diego, California, 1986)
  • Chandler, David, A History of Cambodia (Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 2000)
  • Ebihara, May M., Carol A. Mortland, Judy Ledgerwood, Cambodia Cultures since 1975: Homeland and Exile (Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, 1994)
  • Etcheson, Craig, After the Killing Fields: Lessons from the Cambodian Genocide (Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, Texas 2005)
  • Gottesman, Evan, Cambodia After the Khmer Rouge: Inside the Politics of Nation Building (Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 2004)
  • Ibbitson Jessup, Helen and Thierry Zephir, Sculpture of Angkor and Ancient Cambodia: Millennium of Glory (Thames and Hudson Press, London, England, 1997)
  • Jacobson, Trudy, Lost Goddesses: the Denial of Female Power in Cambodia History (Nias Press, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2008)
  • Kam, Henry, Cambodia: A Report from a Strickland Land (Arcade Publications, New York, 1998)
  • Kiernan, Ben, How Pol Pot Came to Power: A History of Communism in Kampuchea (Verso Press, London, 1985)
  • Paskin Carrison, Murieland the Venerable Kong Chhean,  Cambodian Stories and Gatiloke (Tuttle Publishing, Boston, Rutland and Tokyo, 1987)
  • Pran, Dith, Children of Cambodia’s Killing Fields: Memoirs by Survivors (Edited by Kim DePaul. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 1997)
  • Power, Samantha,  A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (HarperCollins Publishers, New York 2002)
  • Roveda, Victtorio, Sacred Angkor: The Carved Reliefs of Angkor Wat (River Books Press, Bangkok, Thailand, 2007)
  • Schanberg, Sydney, The Death and Life of Dith Pran (Viking Press, New York, 1985)
  • Shawcross, William, Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia (Simon & Schuster, New York 1979)
  • Willmott, William, The Chinese in Cambodia (University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, Canada, 1967)